The Intelligence Paradox

The Intelligence Paradox PDF
Author: Satoshi Kanazawa
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118137647
Size: 67.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256
View: 7505

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A book that challenges common misconceptions about the nature of intelligence Satoshi Kanazawa's Why Beautiful People Have More Daughters (written with Alan S. Miller) was hailed by the Los Angeles Times as "a rollicking bit of pop science that turns the lens of evolutionary psychology on issues of the day." That book answered such burning questions as why women tend to lust after males who already have mates and why newborns look more like Dad than Mom. Now Kanazawa tackles the nature of intelligence: what it is, what it does, what it is good for (if anything). Highly entertaining, smart (dare we say intelligent?), and daringly contrarian, The Intelligence Paradox will provide a deeper understanding of what intelligence is, and what it means for us in our lives. Asks why more intelligent individuals are not better (and are, in fact, often worse) than less intelligent individuals in solving some of the most important problems in life—such as finding a mate, raising children, and making friends Discusses why liberals are more intelligent than conservatives, why atheists are more intelligent than the religious, why more intelligent men value monogamy, why night owls are more intelligent than morning larks, and why homosexuals are more intelligent than heterosexuals Explores how the purpose for which general intelligence evolved—solving evolutionarily novel problems—allows us to explain why intelligent people have the particular values and preferences they have Challenging common misconceptions about the nature of intelligence, this book offers surprising insights into the cutting-edge of science at the intersection of evolutionary psychology and intelligence research.

Das Macht Paradox

Das Macht Paradox PDF
Author: Dacher Keltner
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 3593399075
Size: 38.60 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 204
View: 4842

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Macht haben, Mensch bleiben Es sind nicht die Ellenbogen, es ist unser Gemeinsinn, der uns Macht verleiht. Doch sobald wir Macht haben und ihren Verführungen erliegen, geht uns die soziale Kompetenz schnell wieder verloren. Wir alle sind Opfer dieses Macht-Paradoxes, sagt der renommierte Psychologe Dacher Keltner. In seinem neuen Buch zeigt er, dass Macht und auch Machtmissbrauch in jedem Winkel unseres sozialen Lebens vorkommen: - In der Arbeitswelt, - in der Familie, - innerhalb von Freundschaften und gesellschaftlichen Gruppen. Macht bestimmt das Leben aller Menschen. Und erst wenn wir einen Blick durch die Brille der Macht werfen, lässt sich dieses Paradox auflösen. Damit die Guten nicht nur an die Macht kommen, sondern empathisch bleiben und sie behalten. Keltners Buch ist eine revolutionäre neue positive Psychologie der Macht. Einer der bedeutendsten Psychologen Amerikas inspiriert uns dazu, auf eine neue Weise über Macht nachzudenken. Sein Buch hilft uns, uns selbst zu verstehen. "Dacher Keltner verändert die Vorstellungen darüber, wie Macht und wie Ungleichheit funktionieren. Es ist nur eine Frage der Zeit, bis seine Ideen sich überall verbreiten. Und im Gegensatz zu anderen Psychologen, die ich kenne, ist er kein Spinner." Michael Lewis, Autor von "The Big Short"

German Power

German Power PDF
Author: Hans Kundnani
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406688640
Size: 43.19 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 207
View: 6562

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Ist ein „deutsches Europa“ die bittere Frucht der europäischen Krise? In vielen europäischen Ländern wird es so wahrgenommen. Angela Merkel wird mit Hitler verglichen, die Rede ist von deutscher „Hegemonie“ und einem neuen deutschen „Reich“. Doch Deutschland ist heute ein anderes Land als im 19. Oder 20. Jahrhundert. Nur – welches? Einmal mehr könnte es zu einer Quelle der Instabilität im Herzen Europas werden. In German Power geht Hans Kundnani der Transformation Deutschlands seit der Vereinigung 1990 nach und stellt sie in den Kontext der deutschen Geschichte vor 1945. Dabei zeigt er Ähnlichkeiten auf und benennt einige Grundkonflikte – zwischen Kontinuität und Wandel, Ökonomie und Politik, Europa und der Welt. Kundnani kommt in seinem provozierenden Essay zu dem unbequemen Schluss, dass die „deutsche Frage“ wieder zurückgekehrt ist – in geoökonomischer Gestalt.

What Is Intelligence

What Is Intelligence  PDF
Author: James R. Flynn
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139467049
Size: 53.16 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 4599

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The 'Flynn effect' refers to the massive increase in IQ test scores over the course of the twentieth century. Does it mean that each generation is more intelligent than the last? Does it suggest how each of us can enhance our own intelligence? Professor Flynn is finally ready to give his own views. He asks what intelligence really is and gives a surprising and illuminating answer. This expanded paperback edition includes three important new essays. The first contrasts the art of writing cognitive history with the science of measuring intelligence and reports data. The second outlines how we might get a complete theory of intelligence, and the third details Flynn's reservations about Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences. A fascinating book that bridges the gulf separating our minds from those of our ancestors a century ago, and makes an important contribution to our understanding of human intelligence.

Spinal Catastrophism

Spinal Catastrophism PDF
Author: Thomas Moynihan
Publisher: Urbanomic
ISBN: 1913029565
Size: 65.62 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 352
View: 7308

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The historical continuity of spinal catastrophism, traced across multiform encounters between philosophy, psychology, biology, and geology. Drawing on cryptic intimations in the work of J. G. Ballard, Georges Bataille, William Burroughs, André Leroi-Gourhan, Elaine Morgan, and Friedrich Nietzsche, in the late twentieth century Daniel Barker formulated the axioms of spinal catastrophism: If human morphology, upright posture, and the possibility of language are the ramified accidents of natural history, then psychic ailments are ultimately afflictions of the spine, which itself is a scale model of biogenetic trauma, a portable map of the catastrophic events that shaped that atrocity exhibition of evolutionary traumata, the sick orthograde talking mammal. Tracing its provenance through the biological notions of phylogeny and “organic memory” that fueled early psychoanalysis, back into idealism, nature philosophy, and romanticism, and across multiform encounters between philosophy, psychology, biology, and geology, Thomas Moynihan reveals the historical continuity of spinal catastrophism. From psychoanalysis and myth to geology and neuroanatomy, from bioanalysis to chronopathy, from spinal colonies of proto-minds to the retroparasitism of the CNS, from “railway spine” to Elizabeth Taylor's lost gill-slits, this extravagantly comprehensive philosophical adventure uses the spinal cord as a guiding thread to rediscover forgotten pathways in modern thought. Moynihan demonstrates that, far from being an fanciful notion rendered obsolete by advances in biology, spinal catastrophism dramatizes fundamental philosophical problematics of time, identity, continuity, and the transcendental that remain central to any attempt to reconcile human experience with natural history.

Outsmarting Iq

Outsmarting IQ PDF
Author: David Perkins
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1439105618
Size: 47.51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Education
Languages : en
Pages : 390
View: 1894

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Since the turn of the century, the idea that intellectual capacity is fixed has been generally accepted. But increasingly, psychologists, educators, and others have come to challenge this premise. Outsmarting IQ reveals how earlier discoveries about IQ, together with recent research, show that intelligence is not genetically fixed. Intelligence can be taught. David Perkins, renowned for his research on thinking, learning, and education, identifies three distinct kinds of intelligence: the fixed neurological intelligence linked to IQ tests; the specialized knowledge and experience that individuals acquire over time; and reflective intelligence, the ability to become aware of one's mental habits and transcend limited patterns of thinking. Although all of these forms of intelligence function simultaneously, it is reflective intelligence, Perkins shows, that affords the best opportunity to amplify human intellect. This is the kind of intelligence that helps us to make wise personal decisions, solve challenging technical problems, find creative ideas, and learn complex topics in mathematics, the sciences, management, and other areas. It is the kind of intelligence most needed in an increasingly competitive and complicated world. Using his own pathbreaking research at Harvard and a rich array of other sources, Perkins paints a compelling picture of the skills and attitudes underlying learnable intelligence. He identifies typical pitfalls in multiple perspectives, and neglecting evidence. He reveals the underlying mechanisms of intelligent behavior. And he explores new frontiers in the development of intelligence in education, business, and other settings. This book will be of interest to people who have a personal or professional stake in increasing their intellectual skills, to those who look toward better education and a more thoughtful society, and not least to those who follow today's heated debates about the nature of intelligence.

Evolutionary Studies

Evolutionary Studies PDF
Author: Glenn Geher
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190624965
Size: 71.93 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Psychology
Languages : en
Pages : 528
View: 6847

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There is a paradox when it comes to Darwinian ideas within the academy. On one hand, Darwin's theories have famously changed the foundational ideas related to the origins of life, shaping entire disciplines in the biological sciences. On the other hand, people in educated societies across the globe today are famously misinformed and uneducated about Darwinian principles and ideas. Applications of evolutionary theory outside the traditional areas of biology have been slow to progress, and scholars doing such work regularly run into all kinds of political backlash. However, a slow but steady push to advance the teaching of evolution across academic disciplines has been under way for more than a decade. This book serves to integrate the vast literature in the interdisciplinary field of Evolutionary Studies (EvoS), providing clear examples of how evolutionary concepts relate to all facets of life. Further, this book provides chapters dedicated to the processes associated with an EvoS education, including examples of how an interdisciplinary approach to evolutionary theory has been implemented successfully at various colleges, universities, and degree programs. This book also offers chapters outlining a variety of applications to an evolution education, including improved sustainable development, medical practices, and creative and critical thinking skills. Exploring controversies surrounding evolution education, this volume provides a roadmap to asking and answering Darwinian questions across all areas of intellectual inquiry.

Brain View

Brain View PDF
Author: Hans-Georg Häusel
Publisher: Haufe-Lexware
ISBN: 3648065378
Size: 27.74 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : de
Pages : 264
View: 1220

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Warum hat das Knacken eines Kekses mehr Einfluss auf die Kaufentscheidung, als der Konsument ahnt? Weil die meisten Kaufentscheidungen auf unbewussten Programmen beruhen. "Brain View" erklärt, nach welchen Regeln diese Programme im Gehirn des Kunden ablaufen. Lernen Sie Ihre Kunden aus einer neuen Perspektive kennen und finden Sie neue Wege zu effektiverem Marketing für Produkte und Dienstleistungen. Inhalte: Wie Kaufentscheidungen im Kopf wirklich fallen Gehirngerechte Verkaufsflächen im Handel Wie starke Marken im Gehirn entstehen und wie sie wirken Beispiele aus der Praxis für die Umsetzung in Marketing und Verkauf Aktualisierungen nach neusten Erkenntnissen der Hirnforschung NEU: Wenn neue Technik auf altes Gehirn trifft (Digital Brain)

Field Command

Field Command PDF
Author: Charles ""Sid"" Heal
Publisher: Lantern Books
ISBN: 1590563557
Size: 53.24 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 419
View: 5838

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Field Command is a first of its kind; a full-length tactical science textbook focused specifically on crisis situations faced by the law enforcement community. It expands on the concepts laid out in Heal's Sound Doctrine: A Tactical Primer. The concepts and principles are taken from tactical texts and military field manuals and are presented as close to how they are used as possible. To facilitate understanding, illustrations are abundant and not only clarify the text but amplify it with new insights and applications.

Leben 3 0

Leben 3 0 PDF
Author: Max Tegmark
Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage
ISBN: 3843716706
Size: 63.88 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : de
Pages : 528
View: 1603

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Die Nobelpreis-Schmiede Massachusetts Institute of Technology ist der bedeutendste technologische Think Tank der USA. Dort arbeitet Professor Max Tegmark mit den weltweit führenden Entwicklern künstlicher Intelligenz zusammen, die ihm exklusive Einblicke in ihre Labors gewähren. Die Erkenntnisse, die er daraus zieht, sind atemberaubend und zutiefst verstörend zugleich. Neigt sich die Ära der Menschen dem Ende zu? Der Physikprofessor Max Tegmark zeigt anhand der neusten Forschung, was die Menschheit erwartet. Hier eine Auswahl möglicher Szenarien: - Eroberer: Künstliche Intelligenz übernimmt die Macht und entledigt sich der Menschheit mit Methoden, die wir noch nicht einmal verstehen. - Der versklavte Gott: Die Menschen bemächtigen sich einer superintelligenten künstlichen Intelligenz und nutzen sie, um Hochtechnologien herzustellen. - Umkehr: Der technologische Fortschritt wird radikal unterbunden und wir kehren zu einer prä-technologischen Gesellschaft im Stil der Amish zurück. - Selbstzerstörung: Superintelligenz wird nicht erreicht, weil sich die Menschheit vorher nuklear oder anders selbst vernichtet. - Egalitäres Utopia: Es gibt weder Superintelligenz noch Besitz, Menschen und kybernetische Organismen existieren friedlich nebeneinander. Max Tegmark bietet kluge und fundierte Zukunftsszenarien basierend auf seinen exklusiven Einblicken in die aktuelle Forschung zur künstlichen Intelligenz.