Salafi Jihadism

Salafi Jihadism PDF
Author: Shiraz Maher
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0141986271
Size: 44.86 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 7118

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'A groundbreaking study ... a masterclass in how to do intellectual history, and one that nobody with an interest in radical Islam should miss' Tom Holland, New Statesman 'Readers looking for a rigorous but lucid account of Islamic State's ideas will be well-served by Maher's book ... the first of its kind' Kyle W. Orton, Wall Street Journal No topic has gripped the public imagination so dramatically as the spectre of global jihadism. While much has been said about the way jihadists behave, their ideology remains poorly understood. Shiraz Maher charts the intellectual underpinnings of salafi-jihadism from its origins in the mountains of the Hindu Kush to the jihadist insurgencies of the 1990s and the 9/11 wars. His ground-breaking introduction to salafi-jihadism recalibrates our understanding of the ideas underpinning one of the most destructive political philosophies of our time. 'Magisterial ... Essential reading' Robin Yassin-Kassab, The National 'Shiraz Maher, a leading authority on contemporary Islamic extremism, traces the evolution of the key ideas behind one of the most significant religious and political movements of our time. Comprehensive, important and timely' Jason Burke, author of Al-Qaeda 'A work of genuine interest and originality ... indispensable' David Patrikarakos, Literary Review

Joint Force Quarterly

Joint Force Quarterly PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 16.69 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Unified operations (Military science)
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 2773

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The Lure Of Authoritarianism

The Lure of Authoritarianism PDF
Author: Stephen J. King
Publisher: Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253040892
Size: 57.73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 392
View: 1005

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The works collected in The Lure of Authoritarianism consider the normative appeal of authoritarianism in light of the 2011 popular uprisings in the Middle East. Despite what seemed to be a popular revolution in favor of more democratic politics, there has instead been a slide back toward authoritarian regimes that merely gesture toward notions of democracy. In the chaos that followed the Arab Spring, societies were lured by the prospect of strong leaders with firm guiding hands. The shift toward normalizing these regimes seems sudden, but the works collected in this volume document a gradual shift toward support for authoritarianism over democracy that stretches back decades in North Africa. Contributors consider the ideological, socioeconomic, and security-based justifications of authoritarianism as well as the surprising and vigorous reestablishment of authoritarianism in these regions. With careful attention to local variations and differences in political strategies, the volume provides a nuanced and sweeping consideration of the changes in the Middle East in the past and what they mean for the future.

Salafi Jihadism

Salafi Jihadism PDF
Author: U. S. Military
Publisher: Independently Published
ISBN: 9781729079591
Size: 35.18 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 90
View: 1577

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Salafi-Jihadist groups such as al-Qaeda, Boko Haram, and ISIS threaten U.S. national security and the stability of the Middle East. The ongoing fighting in Syria and Iraq and Salafi-Jihadist global terrorist attacks from Paris to Mali show that we understand relatively little about how this radical ideology propounds violent goals and propels its followers to devise strategies to achieve them. The United States has fought al-Qaeda affiliates and ISIS for fifteen years without preventing them from plotting and executing attacks against the interests of the United States and its allies. For a military approach (i.e., an organized, executable degrading strategy) to be effective in countering an unconventional threat such as Salafi-Jihadism, it must be based on the richest possible profile of the group's mindset.This monograph asserts that to understand the Salafi-Jihadist movement, two historical time periods must be examined: 1960-1978 and the year 1979. The former period marked the era of the Arab cold war, a zero-sum struggle between Egyptian-led Pan-Arabism and Saudi-led Pan-Islamism. The defeat of Pan-Arabism resulted in a seismic transfer of power from Egypt to Saudi Arabia, which remains unchallenged today in its dominance of the Sunni world and unhindered in its financial support to Salafi-Jihadi groups. However, no single year in the post-World War II era was more important to the Middle East than 1979. In that year, the Iranian revolution challenged Saudi Arabia for control of the Muslim world, Salafis tested the Saudi regime by besieging the Grand Mosque in Mecca, and Muslim nations worldwide reacted violently to the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan. The historical events that transpired from 1960 through 1979 significantly altered the political landscape of the Middle East and also led to the militarization of Salafism.Introduction * The Roots of Salafi-Jihadism * Pan-Islamism * 1979 * ConclusionShould political leaders and media pundits be baffled and shocked by the flight of Iraqi security forces and the citizens of Mosul in the face of ISIS? A brief study of Middle Eastern history would have sufficed to familiarize them with the vicious Salafi-Jihadist ideology that legitimizes the actions of ISIS, dispelling the common, simplistic view of today's jihadists as medieval apocalyptical fanatics who kill for the sake of killing. Salafi-Jihadist ideology provides just cause and proper authority for waging war against apostate governments and Western targets. If we fail to understand the history and theory underlying Salafi-Jihadist groups' use of violence to topple regimes and impose sharia, we will not grasp the current operating environment or enemy doctrine. As Stephen Coughlin has said, "The United States is currently fighting this war according to Barnes and Noble standards," implying that an introductory book available at Barnes and Noble does not provide adequate insight into the threat drivers of Salafi-Jihadist groups or an understanding the doctrinal writings that explain their violent actions.

The Globalization Of Martyrdom

The Globalization of Martyrdom PDF
Author: Assaf Moghadam
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421401444
Size: 15.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 360
View: 5223

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This groundbreaking volume examines the rise and spread of suicide attacks over the past decade. Sorting through 1,270 terror strikes between 1981 and 2007, Assaf Moghadam attributes their recent proliferation to the mutually related ascendance of al Qaeda and its guiding ideology, Salafi Jihad, an extreme interpretation of Islam that rejects national boundaries and seeks to create a global Muslim community. In exploring the roots of the extreme radicalization represented by Salafism, Moghadam finds many causes, including Western dominance in the Arab world, the physical diffusion of Salafi institutions and actors, and the element of opportunity created by the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. He uses individual examples from the Middle East, Southwest Asia, and Europe to show how the elite leaders of al Qaeda and affiliated groups and their foot soldiers interact with one another and how they garner support�and a growing number of converts and attackers�from the Muslim community. Based on over a decade of empirical research and a critical examination of existing thought on suicide attacks, Moghadam distinguishes the key characteristics separating globalized suicide strikes from the traditional, localized pattern that previously prevailed. This unflinching analysis provides new information about the relationship between ideology and suicide attacks and recommends policies focused on containing Salafi Jihadism.

Schwarze Flaggen

Schwarze Flaggen PDF
Author: Joby Warrick
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783806235289
Size: 64.62 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : de
Pages :
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Jerusalem

Jerusalem PDF
Author: Simon Sebag Montefiore
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104028095
Size: 44.64 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Biography & Autobiography
Languages : de
Pages : 880
View: 161

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Die Geschichte Jerusalems ist die Geschichte der Welt Jerusalem ist die Stadt der Städte, die Hauptstadt zweier Völker, der Schrein dreier Weltreligionen, der Schauplatz des jüngsten Gerichts und der Brennpunkt des Nahost-Konflikts. Jerusalems Geschichte bedeutet 3000 Jahre Glauben, Fanatismus und Kampf, aber auch das Zusammenleben unterschiedlichster Kulturen. Packend und farbig schildert der Bestsellerautor Sebag Montefiore in seiner fulminanten, reich bebilderte Biographie die zahlreichen Epochen dieser sich ständig wandelnden Stadt, ihre Kriege, Affären, Könige, Propheten, Eroberer, Heiligen und Huren, die diese Stadt mitgeschaffen und geprägt haben. Basierend auf dem neuesten Stand der Forschung und teilweise unbekanntem Archivmaterial macht er die Essenz dieser einzigartigen Stadt greifbar und lässt sie in ihrer Einzigartigkeit leuchten. Denn nur Jerusalem existiert zweimal: im Himmel und auf Erden. »Montefiore erzählt so lebendig, dass man wie bei einem Krimi das Buch nicht aus der Hand legen kann.« Deutschlandfunk »Simon Montefiore ist ein wunderbarer Historiker. Immer ist er in der Lage, komplexe Themen einfach dazulegen.« Die Welt »Dieses gewaltige und glanzvolle Portrait Jerusalems ist von Anfang bis zum Ende absolut überwältigend.« Sunday Times »Packend, überragend, ein Meisterwerk! Montefiore vereint den Blick eines Romanciers für Nuancen mit dem Spürsinn eines Journalisten für menschliche Schwächen und dem Können großer Historiker, die richtigen Quellen zum Sprechen zu bringen.« The Times »Fesselnd! Überzeugend! Ein Werk voller Leidenschaft und Gelehrsamkeit. Eine bedeutende Leistung mit einem wundervollem Sinn für die Absurditäten und Abenteuer der Geschichte.« The Independent »Eine grandiose Darstellung der unglaublichen Geschichte [von Jerusalem]; ein Mammutwerk, das Maßstäbe setzt. Der Historiker ist ein Erzähler im besten Sinn, und es gelingt ihm das Kunststück, aus einer Flut von Quellen zur 3000-jährigen Geschichte dieser Stadt eine Biografie wie einen spannenden Roman zu schreiben: niemals langweilig, oft überraschend, detailreich und größere Zusammenhänge einbeziehend.« Westdeutsche Zeitung

The Terrorist Perspectives Project

The Terrorist Perspectives Project PDF
Author: Mark Stout
Publisher: Naval Inst Press
ISBN:
Size: 51.20 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 261
View: 1262

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"[This] book synthesizes the perspectives of Osama bin Laden and his fellow Salafi jihadists on how to wage war on their enemies. Initiated by a team of experts from the Institute for Defense Analyses, [this book] provides raw insights to help U.S. military and civilian policymakers, planners, and educators better understand the minds of terrorists. In assembling strategic and operational perspectives of al Qaida and Associated Movements (AQAM), the authors focus on the Salafi jihadists' intellectual leadership and many of their followers, who constitute the vanguard of the global jihad and share a common enemy-- the United States"--Page 4 of cover.