Philosophy In The Islamic World

Philosophy in the Islamic World PDF
Author: Peter Adamson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199577498
Size: 80.96 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 544
View: 7649

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Peter Adamson presents the first full history of philosophy in the Islamic world for a broad readership. He traces its development from early Islam to the 20th century, ranging from Spain to South Asia, featuring Jewish and Christian thinkers as well as Muslim. Major figures like Avicenna, Averroes, and Maimonides are covered in great detail, but the book also looks at less familiar thinkers, including women philosophers. Attention is also given to thephilosophical relevance of Islamic theology (kalam) and mysticism--the Sufi tradition within Islam, and Kabbalah among Jews--and to science, with chapters on disciplines like optics and astronomy. The first partof the book looks at the blossoming of Islamic theology and responses to the Greek philosophical tradition in the world of Arabic learning, the second discusses philosophy in Muslim Spain (Andalusia), and a third section looks in unusual detail at later developments, touching on philosophy in the Ottoman, Mughal, and Safavid empires.

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Author: ديمتري غوتاس
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 46.25 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Civilization, Arab / Greek influences
Languages : ar
Pages : 364
View: 5840

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Philosophy And Jurisprudence In The Islamic World

Philosophy and Jurisprudence in the Islamic World PDF
Author: Peter Adamson
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110552183
Size: 77.86 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 867

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This book brings together the study of two great disciplines of the Islamic world: law and philosophy. In both sunni and shiite Islam, it became the norm for scholars to acquire a high level of expertise in the legal tradition. Thus some of the greatest names in the history of Aristotelianism were trained jurists, like Averroes, or commented on the status and nature of law, like al-Fārābī. While such authors sought to put law in its place relative to the philosophical disciplines, others criticized philosophy from a legal viewpoint, like al-Ghazālī and Ibn Taymiyya. But this collection of papers does not only explore the relative standing of law and philosophy. It also looks at how philosophers, theologians, and jurists answered philosophical questions that arise from jurisprudence itself. What is the logical structure of a well-formed legal argument? What standard of certainty needs to be attained in passing down judgments, and how is that standard reached? What are the sources of valid legal judgment and what makes these sources authoritative? May a believer be excused on grounds of ignorance? Together the contributions provide an unprecedented demonstration of the close connections between philosophy and law in Islamic society, while also highlighting the philosophical interest of texts normally studied only by legal historians.

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Author: Avicenna
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 32.12 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Materia medica
Languages : en
Pages :
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Philosophy And Arts In The Islamic World

Philosophy and Arts in the Islamic World PDF
Author: Union européenne des arabisants et islamisants. Congress
Publisher: Peeters Publishers
ISBN: 9789068319774
Size: 53.30 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 332
View: 2225

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The volume contains 26 contributions to literature, philosophy, linguistics and epigraphy in Islamic culture, ranging from pre-Islamic poetry to contemporary prose, from the Ihwan as-Safa to the theology of Mawdudi, from lexicography to epigraphy. These papers were read at the Eighteenth International Congress of the Union Europeenne des Arabisants et Islamisants, organized by the Catholic University of Leuven (KUL) from 3 to 10 September 1996. A second volume of proceedings, that appears along with this one (OLA 86), is more concerned with questions of actuality and political organisation, including Christian minorities in the Arab world, in their relation to the Muslim environment. As such the two volumes put together, will provide to the world of learning, we may say, an overall picture of the current scientific investigations about Islamic culture and society.

History Of Islamic Philosophy

History of Islamic Philosophy PDF
Author: Seyyed Hossein Nasr
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415131599
Size: 48.47 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 1211
View: 1399

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Islamic Philosophy has often been treated as mainly of historical interest, belonging to the history of ideas rather than to philosophy. This is volume challenges this belief. The Routledge History of Philosophy is made up entirely of essays by a distinguished list of writers. They provide detailed discussions of the most important thinkers and the key concepts in Islamic philosophy, from earliest times to the present day.

Philosophy In The Islamic World A Very Short Introduction

Philosophy in the Islamic World  A Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Peter Adamson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191506583
Size: 63.34 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 144
View: 4108

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In the history of philosophy, few topics are so relevant to today's cultural and political landscape as philosophy in the Islamic world. Yet, this remains one of the lesser-known philosophical traditions. In this Very Short Introduction, Peter Adamson explores the history of philosophy among Muslims, Jews, and Christians living in Islamic lands, from its historical background to thinkers in the twentieth century. Introducing the main philosophical themes of the Islamic world, Adamson integrates ideas from the Islamic and Abrahamic faiths to consider the broad philosophical questions that continue to invite debate: What is the relationship between reason and religious belief? What is the possibility of proving God's existence? What is the nature of knowledge? Drawing on the most recent research in the field, this book challenges the assumption of the cultural decline of philosophy and science in the Islamic world by demonstrating its rich heritage and overlap with other faiths and philosophies.

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Author: ابن سينا
Publisher: ktab INC.
ISBN:
Size: 60.38 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Psychology
Languages : ar
Pages : 268
View: 3887

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قد استوفينا فى الفن الاول الكلام على الامور العامية فى الطبيعيات ثم تلوناه بالفن الثانى فى معرفة السماء و العالم و الاجرام و الصور و الحركات الاولى فى عالم الطبيعة و حققنا احوال الاجسام التى لا تفسد ثم تلوناه بالكلام على الكون و الفساد و اسطقساتها ثم تلوناه بالكلام على افعال الكيفيات الاولى و انفعالاتها و الامزجة المتولد منها و بقى لنا ان نتكلم على الامور الكائنة فكانت الجمادات و ما لا حس له و لا حركة ارادية اقدمها و اقربها تكونا من العناصر فتكلمنا فيها فى الفن الخامس و بقى لنا من العلم الطبيعى النظر فى امور النباتات

Principles Of Epistemology In Islamic Philosophy The

Principles of Epistemology in Islamic Philosophy  The PDF
Author: Mahd? ???ir? Yazd?
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 1438424574
Size: 36.82 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 232
View: 1435

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This book aims to present to western philosophers the most important theme in Islamic epistemology: knowledge by presence, the knowledge that results from immediate and intuitive awarenes, advocated by the author as a viable modern philosophical position. Treating the subject in a thoroughly philosophical manner that is comprehensible to contemporary analytical philosophers, he remains faithful to the Islamic tradition.