Philosophy In The Islamic World

Philosophy in the Islamic World PDF
Author: Peter Adamson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199577498
Size: 23.33 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 544
View: 7030

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Peter Adamson presents the first full history of philosophy in the Islamic world for a broad readership. He traces its development from early Islam to the 20th century, ranging from Spain to South Asia, featuring Jewish and Christian thinkers as well as Muslim. Major figures like Avicenna, Averroes, and Maimonides are covered in great detail, but the book also looks at less familiar thinkers, including women philosophers. Attention is also given to thephilosophical relevance of Islamic theology (kalam) and mysticism--the Sufi tradition within Islam, and Kabbalah among Jews--and to science, with chapters on disciplines like optics and astronomy. The first partof the book looks at the blossoming of Islamic theology and responses to the Greek philosophical tradition in the world of Arabic learning, the second discusses philosophy in Muslim Spain (Andalusia), and a third section looks in unusual detail at later developments, touching on philosophy in the Ottoman, Mughal, and Safavid empires.

Philosophy In The Islamic World

Philosophy in the Islamic World PDF
Author: Peter Adamson
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199683670
Size: 61.92 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 144
View: 5411

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In the history of philosophy, few topics are so relevant to today's cultural and political landscape as philosophy in the Islamic world. Yet, this remains one of the lesser-known philosophical traditions. In this Very Short Introduction, Peter Adamson explores the history of philosophy among Muslims, Jews, and Christians living in Islamic lands, from its historical background to thinkers in the twentieth century. Introducing the main philosophical themes of the Islamic world, Adamson integrates ideas from the Islamic and Abrahamic faiths to consider the broad philosophical questions that continue to invite debate: What is the relationship between reason and religious belief? What is the possibility of proving God's existence? What is the nature of knowledge? Drawing on the most recent research in the field, this book challenges the assumption of the cultural decline of philosophy and science in the Islamic world by demonstrating its rich heritage and overlap with other faiths and philosophies. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Zeit Der Zauberer

Zeit der Zauberer PDF
Author: Wolfram Eilenberger
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 3608110178
Size: 59.14 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : de
Pages : 448
View: 7740

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Die Jahre 1919 bis 1929 markieren eine Epoche unvergleichlicher geistiger Kreativität, in der Gedanken zum ersten Mal gedacht wurden, ohne die das Leben und Denken in unserer Gegenwart nicht dasselbe wäre. Die großen Philosophen Ludwig Wittgenstein, Walter Benjamin, Ernst Cassirer und Martin Heidegger prägten diese Epoche und ließen die deutsche Sprache ein letztes Mal vor der Katastrophe des Zweiten Weltkriegs zur Sprache des Geistes werden. Wolfram Eilenberger, Bestsellerautor, langjähriger Chefredakteur des »Philosophie Magazins« und der wohl begabteste und zurzeit auffälligste Vermittler von Geistesgeschichte im deutschsprachigen Raum, erweckt die Philosophie der Zwanziger Jahre und mit ihr ein ganzes Jahrzehnt zwischen Lebenslust und Wirtschaftskrise, Nachkrieg und aufkommendem Nationalsozialismus zum Leben. Der kometenhafte Aufstieg Martin Heideggers und dessen Liebe zu Hannah Arendt. Der taumelnde Walter Benjamin, dessen amour fou auf Capri mit einer lettischen Anarchistin ihn selber zum Revolutionär macht. Der Genius und Milliardärssohn Wittgenstein der, während er in Cambridge als Gott der Philosophie verehrt wird, in der oberösterreichischen Provinz vollkommen verarmt Grundschüler unterrichtet. Und schließlich Ernst Cassirer, der Jahre vor seiner Emigration in den bürgerlichen Vierteln Hamburgs am eigenen Leib den aufsteigenden Antisemitismus erfährt. In den Lebenswegen und dem revolutionären Denken dieser vier Ausnahmephilosophen sieht Wolfram Eilenberger den Ursprung unserer heutigen Welt begründet. Dank der großen Erzählkunst des Autors ist uns der Rückblick auf die Zwanziger Jahre zugleich Inspiration und Mahnung, aber in allererster Linie ein mitreißendes Lesevergnügen. »Dieses schön erzählte Buch schildert die Jahre zwischen 1919 und 1929, in denen Heidegger, Wittgenstein, Benjamin und Cassirer Weltbedeutung gewannen. Zusammen bilden sie eine erstaunliche geistige Konstellation, vier Lebensentwürfe und vier Antworten auf die Frage: Was ist der Mensch? Herausgekommen ist dabei das Sternbild der Philosophie in einem großen Augenblick im Schatten der Katastrophen davor und danach.« Rüdiger Safranski

Philosophy In The Islamic World A Very Short Introduction

Philosophy in the Islamic World  A Very Short Introduction PDF
Author: Peter Adamson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191506591
Size: 67.41 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 144
View: 7738

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In the history of philosophy, few topics are so relevant to today's cultural and political landscape as philosophy in the Islamic world. Yet, this remains one of the lesser-known philosophical traditions. In this Very Short Introduction, Peter Adamson explores the history of philosophy among Muslims, Jews, and Christians living in Islamic lands, from its historical background to thinkers in the twentieth century. Introducing the main philosophical themes of the Islamic world, Adamson integrates ideas from the Islamic and Abrahamic faiths to consider the broad philosophical questions that continue to invite debate: What is the relationship between reason and religious belief? What is the possibility of proving God's existence? What is the nature of knowledge? Drawing on the most recent research in the field, this book challenges the assumption of the cultural decline of philosophy and science in the Islamic world by demonstrating its rich heritage and overlap with other faiths and philosophies.

Einf Hrung In Die Arabisch Islamische Philosophie

Einf  hrung in die arabisch islamische Philosophie PDF
Author: Mohamed Turki
Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH
ISBN: 3495807861
Size: 70.64 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Philosophy
Languages : de
Pages : 232
View: 4673

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Die hier vorgelegte Einführung in die arabisch-islamische Philosophie gibt einen kurzen Einblick in die Entstehung und Entwicklung des arabisch-islamischen Denkens. Sie zeigt seine tiefen Wurzeln sowie die wechselseitige Durchdringung von griechischer Philosophie, islamisch-spekulativer Theologie und mystischer Erleuchtungslehre. Sie geht ferner über die klassische Periode des Mittelalters hinaus und knüpft an das philosophische Denken der Gegenwart an, um die aktuellen und für dieses Denken relevanten Probleme wie das Verhältnis von Tradition und Moderne, Identität und Aufklärung anzusprechen. Damit schließt sie den Bogen der Philosophiegeschichte ab und leistet zugleich einen Beitrag zur interkulturellen Philosophie.

Die Doxographie Des Pseudo Ammonios

Die Doxographie des Pseudo Ammonios PDF
Author: Ulrich Rudolph
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden GmbH
ISBN:
Size: 32.33 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Islam and philosophy
Languages : de
Pages : 284
View: 145

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Philosophy And Jurisprudence In The Islamic World

Philosophy and Jurisprudence in the Islamic World PDF
Author: Peter Adamson
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110552183
Size: 52.68 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 328
View: 5677

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This book brings together the study of two great disciplines of the Islamic world: law and philosophy. In both sunni and shiite Islam, it became the norm for scholars to acquire a high level of expertise in the legal tradition. Thus some of the greatest names in the history of Aristotelianism were trained jurists, like Averroes, or commented on the status and nature of law, like al-Fārābī. While such authors sought to put law in its place relative to the philosophical disciplines, others criticized philosophy from a legal viewpoint, like al-Ghazālī and Ibn Taymiyya. But this collection of papers does not only explore the relative standing of law and philosophy. It also looks at how philosophers, theologians, and jurists answered philosophical questions that arise from jurisprudence itself. What is the logical structure of a well-formed legal argument? What standard of certainty needs to be attained in passing down judgments, and how is that standard reached? What are the sources of valid legal judgment and what makes these sources authoritative? May a believer be excused on grounds of ignorance? Together the contributions provide an unprecedented demonstration of the close connections between philosophy and law in Islamic society, while also highlighting the philosophical interest of texts normally studied only by legal historians.

Philosophy In The Islamic World Online

Philosophy in the Islamic World Online PDF
Author: Ulrich Rudolph
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 63.98 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Islamic philosophy
Languages : en
Pages :
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Philosophy in the Islamic World Online: 8th - 10th Centuries is a comprehensive and unprecedented reference work devoted to the history of philosophy in the realms of Islam in its formative period: from its beginnings in the eighth century up to the tenth century AD. Both major and minor figures are covered, giving details of biography and doctrine, as well as detailed lists and summaries of each author's works. It covers the period when philosophy began to blossom thanks to the translation of Greek scientific works into Arabic and the emergence of autochthonous intellectual traditions within Islam. Philosophy in the Islamic World Online: 8th - 10th Centuries is of unparalleled significance to anyone doing serious research on philosophy in the Islamic world: a unique source for both for specialists and graduate students.

Sprachphilosophie In Der Islamischen Rechtstheorie

Sprachphilosophie in der islamischen Rechtstheorie PDF
Author: Nora Kalbarczyk
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004366334
Size: 30.13 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Religion
Languages : de
Pages : 306
View: 3518

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In Sprachphilosophie in der islamischen Rechtstheorie untersucht Nora Kalbarczyk, wie Faḫr ad-dīn ar-Rāzī (gest. 1210) auf der Grundlage von Ibn Sīnās (gest. 1037) Klassifikation der Bezeichnung ein hermeneutisches Instrumentarium entwickelt, das im Kontext der islamischen Rechtstheorie fruchtbar gemacht wird. In Sprachphilosophie in der islamischen Rechtstheorie Nora Kalbarczyk examines how Faḫr ad-dīn ar-Rāzī (d. 1210) develops – on the basis of Ibn Sīnā’s (d. 1037) theory of signification – a hermeneutic toolbox which is also useful in the context of Islamic legal theory.

Philosophy And Language In The Islamic World

Philosophy and Language in the Islamic World PDF
Author: Nadja Germann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 311055223X
Size: 70.59 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 357
View: 6647

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What is language? How did it originate and how does it work? What is its relation to thought and, beyond thought, to reality? Questions like these have been at the center of lively debate ever since the rise of scholarly activities in the Islamic world during the 8th/9th century. However, in contrast to contemporary philosophy, they were not tackled by scholars adhering to only one specific discipline. Rather, they were addressed across multiple fields and domains, no less by linguists, legal theorists, and theologians than by Aristotelian philosophers. In response to the different challenges faced by these disciplines, highly sophisticated and more specialized areas emerged, comparable to what nowadays would be referred to as semantics, pragmatics, and hermeneutics, to name but a few – fields of research that are pursued to this day and still flourish in some of the traditional schools. Philosophy of language, thus, has been a major theme throughout Islamic intellectual culture in general; a theme which, probably due to its trans-disciplinary nature, has largely been neglected by modern research. This book brings together for the first time experts from the various fields involved, in order to explore the riches of this tradition and make them accessible to a broader public interested both in philosophy and the history of ideas more generally.