Indira The Life Of Indira Nehru Gandhi

Indira  The Life of Indira Nehru Gandhi PDF
Author: Katherine Frank
Publisher: HarperCollins UK
ISBN: 0007372507
Size: 53.14 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 592
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The definitive and first non-partisan biography of one of the most formidable political figures of the twentieth century (voted Woman of the Millennium in a BBC poll, 2000)

Encyclopedia Of The Cold War

Encyclopedia of the Cold War PDF
Author: Ruud van Dijk
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135923108
Size: 30.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Reference
Languages : en
Pages : 1146
View: 2244

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Between 1945 and 1991, tension between the USA, its allies, and a group of nations led by the USSR, dominated world politics. This period was called the Cold War – a conflict that stopped short to a full-blown war. Benefiting from the recent research of newly open archives, the Encyclopedia of the Cold War discusses how this state of perpetual tensions arose, developed, and was resolved. This work examines the military, economic, diplomatic, and political evolution of the conflict as well as its impact on the different regions and cultures of the world. Using a unique geopolitical approach that will present Russian perspectives and others, the work covers all aspects of the Cold War, from communism to nuclear escalation and from UFOs to red diaper babies, highlighting its vast-ranging and lasting impact on international relations as well as on daily life. Although the work will focus on the 1945–1991 period, it will explore the roots of the conflict, starting with the formation of the Soviet state, and its legacy to the present day.

Forged In Crisis

Forged in Crisis PDF
Author: Rudra Chaudhuri
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190237988
Size: 11.67 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 320
View: 5535

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Rudra Chaudhuri's book examines a series of crises that led to far-reaching changes in India's approach to the United States, defining the contours of what is arguably the imperative relationship between America and the global South. Forged in Crisis provides a fresh interpretation of India's advance in foreign affairs under the stewardship of Prime Ministers Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, and finally, Manmohan Singh. It reveals the complex and distinctive manner in which India sought to pursue at once material interests and ideas, while meticulously challenging the shakier and largely untested reading of 'non-alignment' palpable in most works on Indian foreign policy and international relations. From the Korean War in 1950 to the considered debate within India on sending troops to Iraq in 2003, and from the loss of territory to China and the subsequent talks on Kashmir with Pakistan in 1962-63 to the signing of a civil nuclear agreement with Washington in 2008, Chaudhuri maps Indian negotiating styles and behaviour and how these shaped and informed decisions vital to its strategic interest, in turn redefining its relationship with the United States.

Decolonization And The Cold War

Decolonization and the Cold War PDF
Author: Leslie James
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1472571215
Size: 14.81 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 336
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The Cold War and decolonization transformed the twentieth century world. This volume brings together an international line-up of experts to explore how these transformations took place and expand on some of the latest threads of analysis to help inform our understanding of the links between the two phenomena. The book begins by exploring ideas of modernity, development, and economics as Cold War and postcolonial projects and goes on to look at the era's intellectual history and investigate how emerging forms of identity fought for supremacy. Finally, the contributors question ideas of sovereignty and state control that move beyond traditional Cold War narratives. Decolonization and the Cold War emphasizes new approaches by drawing on various methodologies, regions, themes, and interdisciplinary work, to shed new light on two topics that are increasingly important to historians of the twentieth century.

Indian Summer

Indian Summer PDF
Author: Alex Von Tunzelmann
Publisher: Henry Holt and Company
ISBN: 1466818638
Size: 74.35 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 416
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An extraordinary story of romance, history, and divided loyalties -- set against the backdrop of one of the most dramatic events of the twentieth century The stroke of midnight on August 15, 1947, liberated 400 million people from the British Empire. With the loss of India, its greatest colony, Britain ceased to be a superpower, and its king ceased to sign himself Rex Imperator. This defining moment of world history had been brought about by a handful of people. Among them were Jawaharlal Nehru, the fiery Indian prime minister; Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the leader of the new Islamic Republic of Pakistan; Mohandas Gandhi, the mystical figure who enthralled a nation; and Louis and Edwina Mountbatten, the glamorous but unlikely couple who had been dispatched to get Britain out of India. Within hours of the midnight chimes, their dreams of freedom and democracy would turn to chaos, bloodshed, and war. Behind the scenes, a secret personal drama was also unfolding, as Edwina Mountbatten and Jawaharlal Nehru began a passionate love affair. Their romance developed alongside Cold War conspiracies, the beginning of a terrible conflict in Kashmir, and an epic sweep of events that saw one million people killed and ten million dispossessed. Steeped in the private papers and reflections of the participants, Alex von Tunzelmann's Indian Summer reveals, in vivid, exhilarating detail, how the actions of a few extraordinary people changed the lives of millions and determined the fate of nations.

Ssc Steno Grade C D Exam Eng

Ssc Steno Grade C D Exam Eng PDF
Author: Joon
Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN: 9780070706385
Size: 75.43 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
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                          PDF
Author: جورج أورويل
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 76.81 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category :
Languages : ar
Pages : 185
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Maharanis

Maharanis PDF
Author: Lucy Moore
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101174838
Size: 73.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 384
View: 4391

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Until the 1920s, to be a Maharani, wife to the Maharajah, was to be tantalizingly close to the power and glamour of the Raj, but locked away in purdah as near chattel. Even the educated, progressive Maharani of Baroda, Chimnabai—born into the aftermath of the 1857 Indian Mutiny—began her marriage this way, but her ravishing daughter, Indira, had other ideas. She became the Regent of Cooch Behar, one of the wealthiest regions of India while her daughter, Ayesha, was elected to the Indian Parliament. The lives of these influential women embodied the delicate interplay between rulers and ruled, race and culture, subservience and independence, Eastern and Western ideas, and ancient and modern ways of life in the bejeweled exuberance of Indian aristocratic life in the final days both of the Raj, and the British Empire. Tracing these larger than life characters as they bust every known stereotype, Lucy Moore creates a vivid picture of an emerging modern, democratic society in India and the tumultous period of Imperialism from which it arose. Through the sumptuous, adventurous lives of three generations of Indian queens—from the period following the Indian Mutiny of 1857 to the present, Lucy Moore traces the cultural and political changes that transformed their world.

What We Won

What We Won PDF
Author: Bruce Riedel
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 081572585X
Size: 37.52 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 189
View: 5962

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In February 1989, the CIA's chief in Islamabad famously cabled headquarters a simple message: "We Won." It was an understated coda to the most successful covert intelligence operation in American history. In What We Won, CIA and National Security Council veteran Bruce Riedel tells the story of America's secret war in Afghanistan and the defeat of the Soviet 40th Red Army in the war that proved to be the final battle of the cold war. He seeks to answer one simple question—why did this intelligence operation succeed so brilliantly? Riedel has the vantage point few others can offer: He was ensconced in the CIA's Operations Center when the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan on Christmas Eve 1979. The invasion took the intelligence community by surprise. But the response, initiated by Jimmy Carter and accelerated by Ronald Reagan, was a masterful intelligence enterprise. Many books have been written about intelligence failures—from Pearl Harbor to 9/11. Much less has been written about how and why intelligence operations succeed. The answer is complex. It involves both the weaknesses and mistakes of America's enemies, as well as good judgment and strengths of the United States. Riedel introduces and explores the complex personalities pitted in the war—the Afghan communists, the Russians, the Afghan mujahedin, the Saudis, and the Pakistanis. And then there are the Americans—in this war, no Americans fought on the battlefield. The CIA did not send officers into Afghanistan to fight or even to train. In 1989, victory for the American side of the cold war seemed complete. Now we can see that a new era was also beginning in the Afghan war in the 1980s, the era of the global jihad. This book examines the lessons we can learn from this intelligence operation for the future and makes some observations on what came next in Afghanistan—and what is likely yet to come.

Insight Guides India

Insight Guides  India PDF
Author: Insight Guides
Publisher: Apa Publications (UK) Limited
ISBN: 1780056877
Size: 51.82 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Travel
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 671

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India is like nowhere else on earth - thrilling, frustrating and incredibly diverse. The full-colour Insight Guide India shows you how to get the most out of this amazing destination. Our inspirational Best of India section illustrates its unique attractions, from the bright lights of Mumbai to the brilliant colours of Rajasthan, the ruins of ancient cities and the cool heights of the Himalayas. With its in-depth history and culture section, this guide provides an essential introduction to India's ancient civilisations, colonial history and multi-layered contemporary society. Our lively essays on art and architecture, food and drink, performing arts, wildlife and Bollywood provide the perfect backdrop to any visit. The informative text, written by regional experts, is a pleasure to read and accompanied by stunning photography. The lavish Photo Features offer a unique insight into India's festivals, Hindu deities, its creaking railways, the ancient sites of Ajanta, Ellora and Hampi, cruising Kerala's backwaters, and - of course - the Taj Mahal. The Places section takes you on a journey through each of India's regions, from Delhi and the Himalayas in the north to Chennai and Kerala in the south, as well the coral-fringed Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands. All major sights are cross-referenced with full-colour maps, and the travel tips provide planning advice, language tips, an A-Z of essential travel information, and carefully selected hotel and restaurant listings.