India Human Development Report 2011

India Human Development Report 2011 PDF
Author: Ankita Gandhi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN:
Size: 69.83 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 418
View: 800

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Estimating the human development index for India as well as all the states, this report investigates whether certain sections of Indian society suffer from multiple deprivation. It argues that interventions in human capital and expansion of human functionings are key requirements for economic growth to be more successful in reducing income poverty.

Zusammenhang Zwischen Formaler Bildung Und Wirtschaftlichem Fortschritt In Schwellenl Ndern

Zusammenhang zwischen formaler Bildung und wirtschaftlichem Fortschritt in Schwellenl  ndern PDF
Author: Patrick Krüger
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656384185
Size: 68.22 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 22
View: 2165

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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2013 im Fachbereich Politik - Internationale Politik - Region: Südasien, Universität Trier, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Eine umfangreiche Bildung der Bevölkerung gilt als ein entscheidender Einflussfaktor für die wirtschaftliche Stärke eines Landes. Seit den sechziger Jahren ist bekannt, dass die Produktivität sowie Innovationsfähigkeit der Bevölkerung durch Investitionen im Bildungs- und Gesundheitssektor gesteigert wird und diese damit der wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung zuträglich sind (Schultz 1961: 1; Stöver/Langer 2011: 26). Weiterhin gelten in einer zunehmend globalisierten Weltwirtschaft qualifizierte und über eine gute Bildung verfügende Arbeitnehmer als ein bestimmender Wettbewerbsvorteil. Diese Arbeit wird sich mit dem Zusammenhang zwischen Bildung und wirtschaftlicher Entwicklung auseinandersetzen. Zur Erklärung und Analyse dieses Zusammenhanges dient Indien als Fallbeispiel. Indien gilt mit einer Bevölkerung von über 1,2 Milliarden Menschen als zweitbevölkerungsreichstes Land und damit, gemessen an der Einwohnerzahl, als größte Demokratie der Welt. Seit etwa zwei Dekaden wächst die indische Wirtschaft jährlich um durchschnittlich 7%. Die Bundesrepublik weist hierbei jedoch erhebliche regionale Unterschiede in Bezug auf die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung sowie das allgemeine Bildungsniveau auf. Die Mehrheit der Bevölkerung konnte dabei in den vergangenen Jahren, oftmals mangels ausreichender Qualifikation, nicht vom wirtschaftlichen Aufschwung profitieren. So kommentiert ein junger Inder die Situation einer ganzen Generation wie folgt: "There is a lack of education so we don’t get jobs and can’t improve our life. There is no growth for us" (UNESCO 2012: 18). Zudem lässt sich in Indien eine wesentliche Ungleichheit zwischen der erhaltenen formalen Bildung und dem wirtschaftlichen Fortschritt zwischen den Geschlechtern feststellen. Frauen verfügen demnach oftmals über eine geringere formale Bildung und können zudem weniger zur wirtschaftlichen Fortentwicklung beitragen als Männer. Dieser Umstand resultiert vor allem aus dem vorherrschenden Kastensystem sowie einem traditionellen Rollenverständnis, welches die Frau dem Mann unterordnet. Trotz der rechtlichen Gleichstellung der Geschlechter sind Inderinnen in der patriarchalisch geprägten Gesellschaft immer noch weitgehend benachteiligt (Viva con Agua de Sankt Pauli e.V. 2013). Um diesem Missstand entgegenzuwirken und auch die Frauen in den wirtschaftlichen Prozess einzubinden, wurden bereits in den achtziger Jahren politische Handlungsprogramme verabschiedet.

Maharashtra Human Development Report 2012

Maharashtra Human Development Report 2012 PDF
Author: Yashwantrao Chavan
Publisher: SAGE Publishing India
ISBN: 9351504387
Size: 36.27 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 260
View: 7057

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The present Maharashtra Human Development Report (MHDR) 2012 keeps the spirit of the Eleventh and Twelfth Five Year Plans of ‘faster, sustainable and more inclusive growth’ at the core of its analysis. MHDR 2002 was the state’s first effort in focusing on the prevailing human development scenario in the spheres of growth, poverty, equity, education, health and nutrition. Since then the state has come a long way in the last decade, achieving near-complete enrolments at the primary school level, a wide coverage of health infrastructure and initiation of new incentives, to name a few. The 2012 Report goes beyond being just a situation-analysis of the current human development scenario to a more analytical exercise in facilitating a deeper understanding of what and where the inequalities are, how capabilities can be enhanced, what has been the progress, where the shortfalls are and where the thrust of efforts to promote human development should be. Recognizing the centrality of inclusive growth processes to human development, the need to study human development outcomes disaggregated by gender, rural–urban, regional and social groups is the focal point of this Report. The outcome would be the identification of specific human development goals, evidence-based policy recommendations and directions to how those excluded from the growth and human development processes can be included to reap the benefits of the same.

Realising The Demographic Dividend

Realising the Demographic Dividend PDF
Author: Santosh Mehrotra
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1316843319
Size: 41.73 MB
Format: PDF
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages :
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This book discusses policies to achieve inclusive growth in India and realise the demographic dividend, which will end by 2040 when India will become an aging society. India is the world's fastest growing large economy, but jobs are not growing equally rapidly. The size of India's youth workforce is worrying, and the largely informal workforce is not covered by social insurance. Universal elementary education, despite the Right to Education Act 2009, is yet to be achieved. Health outcomes have improved only slowly over the years. Furthermore, sanitation still remains a very serious problem. As an economist and former policy-maker, the author discusses specific policies to address these problems, well beyond what is currently being practised. The book also deals with the governance issues that need to be addressed before inclusive growth can be attained.

Countering Naxalism With Development

Countering Naxalism with Development PDF
Author: Santosh Mehrotra
Publisher: SAGE Publications India
ISBN: 9351500934
Size: 18.92 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 212
View: 4157

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This book, for the first time, presents an authentic assessment and presentation of the human development and security challenges faced by districts of the country that have a high concentration of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Countering Naxalism with Development: Challenges of Social Justice and State Security is a compilation of background papers by a group of profoundly knowledgeable and experienced persons commonly known as the Expert Group. The various chapters of the book discuss how the law and order issues of the situation are inextricably intertwined with the development problems faced by the marginalised social groups of some 200 districts in the country affected by Naxalism.

India S Journey Towards Sustainable Population

India s Journey Towards Sustainable Population PDF
Author: Bedprakas SyamRoy
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319474944
Size: 54.69 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 388
View: 6850

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This book makes a thorough investigation of the population problem issues in India from diverse angles- demographic, policy and programme. Discussing the theoretical background of population control, the book also deals with all mundane issues - social, cultural, religious, legal and health issues, and attempts to capture the state of preparedness of India to reach sustainable population. It is a valuable resource for students of population studies and academics working on population control and management. Additionally, it is also a useful reference work for trainees at national academies, journalists, family welfare service providers and the civil society groups working on population control and family planning.

Combating Social Exclusion

Combating Social Exclusion PDF
Author: Rajesh K. Chander
Publisher: Studera Press
ISBN: 9385883585
Size: 22.95 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 280
View: 4074

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This book attempts to make a holistic assessment and a humble intervention on the prevalent multiple social exclusion of dalits. The study is based in modern India, with a focus on Punjab in particular. It further substantiates that how caste and other exclusions are a lived reality. Challenging entrenched ideas, it uses multi-disciplinary perspectives/methodologies and lived experiences to comprehend dalits social exclusion, inter-sectionalities and social inequalities. It further interrogates linkages between key determinants, like, landlessness, educational attainment, asset ownership, gender discrimination, caste-based segregation and discrimination, employment, economic activity, development, state intervention policy, untouchability, political exclusion, diaspora effect, parallel sites of assertion, dalit consciousness, heterogeneities amongst dalits with social exclusion/inclusion. The salient feature of the book that it has covered all the regions of the state and 15 out of the total 39 scheduled castes. Drawing on Mixed Methods approach, multi-regional fieldwork and bottom-up perspective, this volume puts forward a perceptive analysis. It will be of great interest to researchers working in the fields of Social Exclusion, Sociology, Gender Studies, Dalit Studies, Caste Studies, Social Anthropology, Indian Politics, Economics, Public Administration, Public Policy, Social Work, Human Rights, Rural Development, Life Long Learning, Development Studies, Laws, and Police Administration.

Liberalization Growth And Regional Disparities In India

Liberalization  Growth and Regional Disparities in India PDF
Author: Madhusudan Ghosh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 8132209818
Size: 30.12 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 223
View: 727

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Upon the backdrop of impressive progress made by the Indian economy during the last two decades after the large-scale economic reforms in the early 1990s, this book evaluates the performance of the economy on some income and non-income dimensions of development at the national, state and sectoral levels. It examines regional economic growth and inequality in income originating from agriculture, industry and services. In view of the importance of the agricultural sector, despite its declining share in gross domestic product, it evaluates the performance of agricultural production and the impact of agricultural reforms on spatial integration of food grain markets. It studies rural poverty, analyzing the trend in employment, the trickle-down process and the inclusiveness of growth in rural India. It also evaluates the impact of microfinance, as an instrument of financial inclusion, on the socio-economic conditions of rural households. Lastly, it examines the relative performance of fifteen major states of India in terms of education, health and human development. An important feature of the book is that it approaches these issues, applying rigorously advanced econometric methods, and focusing primarily on their regional disparities during the post-reform period vis-à-vis the pre-reform period. It offers important results to guide policies for future development.

Das Politische System Indiens

Das politische System Indiens PDF
Author: Christian Wagner
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658052910
Size: 14.99 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Political Science
Languages : de
Pages : 295
View: 1495

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In diesem Buch werden erstmals die wichtigsten Institutionen, Akteure und Politikfelder der Demokratie und Politik Indiens dargestellt. Die Indische Union ist mit über einer Milliarde Menschen die größte Demokratie der Welt. Seit der Unabhängigkeit 1947 hat das politische System eine eindrucksvolle Leistungsfähigkeit bewiesen. Regelmäßige Wahlen, föderale Staatsstruktur und die Einbeziehung der unteren Kasten haben dazu beigetragen, die territoriale Einheit dieses südasiatischen Vielvölkerstaates zu bewahren. Die Liberalisierung 1991 hat die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung beschleunigt und stellt das politische System vor neue Herausforderungen. Nach dem Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts hat Indien seine Beziehungen zu den USA, China und der Europäischen Union ausgebaut und strebt eine Führungsrolle im internationalen System des 21. Jahrhunderts an.

Rethinking Economic Development In Northeast India

Rethinking Economic Development in Northeast India PDF
Author: Deepak K. Mishra
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1315278480
Size: 29.33 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 428
View: 1076

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Economic development of frontier and remote regions has long been a central theme of development studies. This book examines the development experience in the northeastern region in India in relation to the processes of globalisation and liberalisation of the economy. Bringing together researchers and scholars, from both within and outside the region, the volume offers a comprehensive and updated analysis of governance and development issues in relation to the northeastern economy. With its multidisciplinary approaches, the chapters cover a variety of sectors and concerns such as land, agriculture, industry, infrastructure, finance, human development, human security, trade and policy. This book will be useful to scholars and researchers of economics, public policy, governance and development, geopolitics, geography, development studies, politics and sociology of development and area studies as well as observers and policymakers interested in the Northeast.