In The Name Of Eugenics

In the Name of Eugenics PDF
Author: Daniel J. Kevles
Publisher: Knopf
ISBN: 0307831507
Size: 53.23 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 432
View: 6395

Get Book

Daniel Kevles traces the study and practice of eugenics--the science of "improving" the human species by exploiting theories of heredity--from its inception in the late nineteenth century to its most recent manifestation within the field of genetic engineering. It is rich in narrative, anecdote, attention to human detail, and stories of competition among scientists who have dominated the field.

Eugenics

Eugenics PDF
Author: Philippa Levine
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199385904
Size: 33.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 176
View: 2145

Get Book

In 1883, Francis Galton, a cousin of Charles Darwin, coined the word "eugenics" to express his dream of perfecting the human race by applying the laws of genetic heredity. Adapting Darwin's theory of evolution to human society, eugenics soon became a powerful, international movement, committed to using the principles of heredity and statistics to encourage healthy and discourage unhealthy reproduction. Early in the twentieth century and across the world, doctors, social reformers, and politicians turned to the new science of eugenics as a means to improve and strengthen their populations. Eugenics advocates claimed their methods would result in healthier, fitter babies and would dramatically limit human suffering. The reality was a different story. In the name of scientific progress and of human improvement, eugenicists targeted the weak and the sick, triggering coercive legislation on issues as disparate as race, gender, immigration, euthanasia, abortion, sterilization, intelligence, mental illness, and disease control. Nationalists eagerly embraced eugenics as a means to legitimize their countries' superiority and racialized assumptions, and the Nazis notoriously used eugenics to shape their "final solution." In this lucid volume, Philippa Levine tackles the intricate and controversial history of eugenics, masterfully synthesizing the enormous range of policies and experiments carried out in the name of eugenics around the world throughout the twentieth century. She questions the widespread belief that eugenics disappeared after World War II and evaluates the impact of eugenics on current reproductive and genetic sciences. Charting the development of such controversial practices as artificial insemination, sperm donation, and population control, this book offers a powerful, extraordinarily timely reflection on the frequent interplay between genetics and ethics. Eugenics may no longer be a household word, but we feel its effects even today.

Eugenic Nation

Eugenic Nation PDF
Author: Alexandra Stern
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520244443
Size: 50.16 MB
Format: PDF
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 347
View: 3877

Get Book

"With an emphasis on the American West, Eugenic Nation explores the long and unsettled history of eugenics in the United States. This expanded second edition includes shocking details that demonstrate that the story is far from over. Alexandra Minna Stern explores the unauthorized sterilization of female inmates in California state prisons and ongoing reparations for North Carolina victims of sterilization, as well as the topics of race-based intelligence tests, school segregation, the U.S. Border Patrol, tropical medicine, the environmental movement, and opposition to better breeding. Radically new and relevant, this edition draws from recently uncovered historical records to demonstrate patterns of racial bias in California's sterilization program and to recover personal experiences of reproductive injustice. Stern connects the eugenic past to the genomic present with attention to the ethical and social implications of emerging genetic technologies"--Provided by publisher.

The Eugenics Review

The Eugenics Review PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 18.66 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Category : Eugenics
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 5660

Get Book


American Eugenics

American Eugenics PDF
Author: Mark H. Haller
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 63.97 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Eugenics
Languages : en
Pages : 814
View: 3517

Get Book


Eugenics

Eugenics PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 53.65 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Eugenics
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 3716

Get Book


Eugenics Review

Eugenics review PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 36.60 MB
Format: PDF
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 4694

Get Book


The Rhetoric Of Eugenics In Anglo American Thought

The Rhetoric of Eugenics in Anglo American Thought PDF
Author: Marouf Arif Hasian
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 9780820317717
Size: 19.32 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 265
View: 6834

Get Book

Ranging in subject from England's poor laws to the Human Genome Project, The Rhetoric of Eugenics in Anglo-American Thought is one of the first books to look at the history and development of the eugenics movement in Anglo-American culture. Unlike other works that focus on the movement's historical aberrancies or the claims of its hardline proponents, this study highlights the often unnoticed ways in which the language and ideas of eugenics have permeated democratic discourse. Marouf A. Hasian, Jr. not only examines the attempts of philosophers, scientists, and politicians to balance the rights of the individual against the duties of the state, but also shows how African Americans, Catholics, women, and other communities--dominant and marginalized--have appropriated or confronted the rhetoric of eugenics. Hasian contends that "eugenics" is an ambiguous term that has allowed people to voice their concerns on a number of social issues--a form of discourse that influences the way ordinary citizens make sense of their material and spiritual world. While biological determinism and social necessity are discussed in the works of Plato, Malthus, and Darwin, among others, with theories ranging from equality for all to natural superiority, it is Galton's observations on "positive" and "negative" eugenics that have been widely used to justify a variety of social and political projects--including the sterilization and segregation of the unfit, immigration restrictions, marriage regulations, substance abuse, physical and mental testing, and the establishment of health programs that sought to improve "hygiene." Women, African Americans, and other marginalized communities, for instance, have at times lost reproductive rights in the name of "liberty," "opportunity," or "necessity." Eugenical arguments are more than a creation of pseudo-science or misapplied genetical analysis, Hasian determines; they are also rhetorical fragments, representing the ideologies of multitudes of social actors who, across time, have reconfigured these ideas to legitimize many agendas.